Tammy Mondrage lost her job because of cutbacks in America’s coal industry.
Mondrage worked as a nurse at a high school in Southwestern Virginia. In June, school board officials cancelled more than 40 positions, including hers, for budgetary reasons.
“The budget cuts came because of the loss of the coal industry,” she said.
Tammy Mondrage lives in the community of Steinman, Virginia. Steinman was named for the Steinman Brothers, who operated a coal mine in the area about 100 years ago. Over the years, the coal industry has kept unemployment levels down and helped pay for schools and other government services.
But that is changing.
A year ago, Tammy Mondrage’s husband David lost his job with the Paramont Coal Company. Their son, Zachary, also lost his job at Paramont.
Stronger environmental rules, lower oil prices and demand for cleaner energy led to reduced coal production. The production levels fell 10 percent just in the one year, 2014-2015.
“When I was growing up, everybody was a coal miner’s kid,” said Tammy Mondrage. “That is what this community was. That is what everybody knew. It was big.”
The question of what the future should be for the coal industry is an issue in the United States elections.
The Republican Party has nominated businessman Donald Trump as its candidate for president. Trump has said he would cancel rules designed to reduce rising temperatures in Earth’s atmosphere. Many of those rules were created during the presidency of Barack Obama.
Trump blames Obama administration policies for the coal industry’s problems. And he thinks things will worsen if Hillary Clinton becomes president.
Trump said the coal mines “will be gone if she gets elected.”
Clinton is the candidate of the Democratic Party. She has said environmental rules are needed to reduce pollution linked to climate change. But she also wants to help retrain coal workers and make sure they do not lose earnings during their retirement years.
“I firmly believe that if you spent your life keeping the lights on for our country, we can’t leave you in the dark,” Clinton said.
Some coal towns are trying to make changes to deal with lost coal industry jobs.
Cleveland is a small town in Virginia’s coal country. The town had four food stores, banks, a hotel and a train station in the 1950s.
None remain. And all of the town’s schools have closed, said Cleveland Mayor David Sutherland.
But Cleveland did not lose its picturesque mountain trails. A river continues to run through the town. Recently, a rental store for rafting and boating opened up near the Town Hall. Sutherland said Cleveland sees a future with tourism.
The nearby town of Haysi has been working to make its buildings nicer looking for tourists. It is replacing old windows and doors and painting the downtown buildings.
Zachary Mondrage, who lost his coal industry job at Paramont Coal Company, is joining the move from coal to tourism. He is studying for a new job in outdoor tourism.
“The reason why I decided to get into this is because I have always been an outdoor enthusiast as far as hunting, fishing and just being outdoors and enjoying it,” he said. “And I thought that would be a great career opportunity to get into.”
I’m Bruce Alpert.
Nadeem Yaqub reported this story for VOANews. Bruce Alpert adapted the story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.
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Words in this Story
nurse – n. a person who is trained to care for sick or injured people
enthusiast – n. a person who enjoys something very much
opportunity – n. an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done
picturesque – adj. very pretty or charming: like a painted picture
rafting – n. the activity of traveling down a river on a raft
tourism – n. the activity of traveling to a place for fun and enjoyment
downtown – adj. of or related to the center of a city